Sanders, Donald H.
Computers today
McGraw-Hill, 1983
 Buku Teks
Chapin, Ned
Computers: a systems approach
Van Nostrand Reinhold , 1971
 Buku Teks
Berkeley, Edmund Callis
Computers: their operation and applications
Reinhold Publishing Corporation, 1962
 Buku Teks
Fuori, William M.
Computers and information processing,3rd ed
Prentice-Hall, 1991
 Buku Teks
Morley, Deborah
Understanding computers in a changing society
Course Technology Cengage Learning, 2013
 Buku Teks