UI - Tesis (Open) :: Kembali

UI - Tesis (Open) :: Kembali

Kualitas udara ambien dan kejadian ISPA di provinsi DKI Jakarta (analisis Time Trend, Correlate dan Multiple Regression Linear berbasis data hasil pengukuran Meteorologi, ISPU dan Surveilans Aktif Rumah Sakit di Provinsi DKI Jakarta) = Outdoor air quality and ISPA occurrence in DKI Jakarta Province (Analysis of Time Trend, Correlate and Multiple Regressions Linear Based on Data of Meteorology Measurement Result, ISPU and Active Surveillance at Hospital in DK! Jakarta Province)

Edi Margono; Sumengen Sutomo, supervisor; I Made Djaya, supervisor ([Publisher not identified] , 2008)
 Abstrak
[ABSTRAK
DKI Jakarta menunjukkan sebanyak 46% dari kasus-kasus penyakit adalah
penyakit gangguan pernapasan (ISPA 43%, iritasi rnata l,7% dan asma 1,3%) yang
terkait dengan kualitas udara ambien yang tidak memenuhi baku umum dimana
polusi udara di DKI Jakarta mengalami fluktuasi dengan beberapa parameter telah
melewati nilai ambang batas seperti Ozon, N02 dan nilai ISPU menunjukan bahwa
selama setahun hanya terhitung 22 hari udara Jakarta berkualitas baik, 95 hari
dinyatakan tidak sehat, dan selebihnya 233 hari berkualitas sedang.
Studi ekologi ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kualitas udara ambien,
kondisi meteorologi., dan kejadian ISPA, mempelajari kecenderungan perubahan
kualitas udara ambien, kondisi meteorologi dan mempelajari hubungan antara
kondisi meteorologi dengan kualitas udara ambien serta mempelajari hubungan
antara kualitas udara ambien, kondisi meteorologi dengan kejadian ISPA.
Alat ukur yang digunakan untuk mengukur kualitas udara ambien
menggunakan : FH6-I (5-ray absorbtfon), APSA-360 (Fluorescence UV), APOA-
360 (Chelwninescence) dan NDR sedangkan untuk kondisi meteorologi adalah
Tennometer; Hygromeierg Cup anenmmeter dan Global Star Pymnameter .
Populasi yang dilibatkan sebanyak 820 data rata-rata harian kualitas udara
ambien, kondisi meteorologi dan ISPA dengan sampei sebesar 118 data rata-rata
mingguan kualitas udara ambien, kondisi meteorologi dan ISPA.
Dalarm kurun waklu 2006 - Maret 2008 diperolch konscntrasi rata-rata PMN;
65,9 pg/m3, so; 31,1 pg/mi, co 1,1 pg/ma, 0, 51,4 pg/m3, NO; 31,6 pg/ma dan
niiai ISPU 72,3. Sedangkan rata-rata suhu 27,6°C, kelembaban 75,6 %, arah angin
l54,5° , kecepatan angin 0,7 mls, radiasi matahari l12,0 W/m2 Serta rata~rata angka
ISPA sebanyak 54 kejadian.
Hubungan kualitas udara ambien dcngan ISPA didapatkan bahwa SO;
mempunyai korelasi positif tcrhadap angka ISPA. PM|0_ 03, ISPU mempunyai
korelasi negatif terhadap angka ISPA. Hubungan kondisi meteorologi dengan
ISPA didapatkan bahwa kelembaban, arah angin mempunyai korelasi positif
terhadap angka ISPA. Suhu, radiasi matahari mempunyai korelasi negatif terhadap
angka ISPA. Hubungan kondisi meteorologi dengan kualiaias udara ambien
didapatkan bahwa suhu mempunyai korelasi poritifdengan PMN, 03, N01 dan ISPU.
Kelembaban mempunyai korelasi negatif dengan PM|g, 03, N02 dan ISPU, arah
angin mempunyai korelasi PM|0, CO, 03, NCQ, ISPU, kecepatan angin mempunyai
korelasi negatif dengan PMN), CO. 01, N02, ISPU, radiasi matahari mempunyai
konelasi negatif dengan CO, radiasi matahari mempunyai korelasi positif dengan
ISPU.
Disimpulkan bahwa dalam kurun waklu 2006 - Mamet 2008 didapatkan pola
angka ISPA mengikuti pola konsentrasi kualitas udara ambien dan kondisi
meteorologi hal ini dibuktikan dengan adanya hubungan S0;, dan S0;*O3 Serta
SO2*Suhu secara bersamaan mempunyai pengaruh yang besar terhadap ISPA dengan
nilai koeiisicn korclasi sebesar 0,616 dan nilai koefisien determinasi Sebesar 0,379
(kuat). Dengan demikian SO;, SO1*O3, dan SO;*Suhu secara bersama-sama
berpengaruh signifikan terhadap ISPA Namun konscmrasi CO, N02 , kecepatan
angin tidak berhubungan denan kejadian ISPA di DKI Jakarta.

ABSTRACT
DKI Jakarta indicated 46% of disease cases were respirations problems
(ISPA 43%, eye irritation of l,7% and asthma of 1,3%) related to ambient air
quality which did not fulfill standard quality where air pollution in DKI Jakarta
experienced fluctuation with a few parameter have passed boundary threshold
value like Ozone, N02 and ISPA value indicated that Jakarta air had a good
quality for 22 days each year, it was not health for 95 days, and it was a medium
quality for 233 days.
This purpose of ecology study to identity an outdoor air quality,
meteorology condition, and ISPA occurrence, studying a change tendency of
outdoor air quality, meteorology condition and studying related between
meteorology condition of outdoor air quality and also studying related between
meteorology condition of outdoor air quality and ISPA occurrence.
Measurement instruments which are used for measuring outdoor air quality
such as FI-I6-l (B-ray absorption), APSA-360 (Fluorescence UV), APOA-360
(Cheluminescence) and NIDR while the instruments which are used for measuring
meteorology condition such as Thermometer, Hygrometer Cup Anemometer and
Global Star Pyranometer.
Populations which are participated amount of 820 data on daily average of
outdoor air quality, meteorology condition and ISPA by samples amount of ll8
data on weekly average of outdoor air quality, meteorology condition and ISPA.
At period of 2006 - March 2008 obtained average concentrations were PM10
65,9p g/rn3,SO1 31,1p g/rn3, co up g/ms, 03 51,4u6§/ma, NO; 3l,6p g/m3 and
ISPU value '?2,3. While temperature average was 27, C, dampness was 7S,6%,
wind direction is l54,5°, wind velocity was 0,7 mls, sun radiation was 1l2,0
Wim! and also mean number of ISPA was amount 54 occurrences.
Related between outdoor air quality and ISPA indicated that S02 has a
positive correlation of ISPA number. PMN, 03, ISPU have negative correlations
of ISPA number. Related between meteorology condition and ISPA indicated that
dampness, wind direction have positive correlations of ISPA number.
Temperature and sun radiation have negative correlations of ISPA number.
Related between meteorology condition and outdoor air quality indicated that
temperature has positive correlations of PM10, 03, NO; and ISPU. Dampness has
negative correlation with PM1u, Og, NO; and ISPU, wind direction has correlation
PMID, CO, 03, NO2, ISPU, wind velocity has negative correlation of PMN, CO,
03, N02, ISPU, sun radiation has negative correlation of cobalt, sun radiation has
positive correlation of ISPU.
It was concluded that at period of 2006 - March 2008 indicated ISPA
number pattern follow pattem concentration of outdoor air quality and this
meteorology condition was proved by the existence of related between SO;
SO1* SO; and SO2* temperature, at the same time, it has a big effect of [SPA by
correlation ooeflicient value was 0,616 and determination coefficient value was
0,379 (strong). Therefore S0;, S0;=, and SO# temperature, at the same time, it
has an effect of ISPA significantly. But concentration of CO, NOQ, wind velocity
does not relate to ISPA occurrence in DKI Jakarta.
, DKI Jakarta indicated 46% of disease cases were respirations problems
(ISPA 43%, eye irritation of l,7% and asthma of 1,3%) related to ambient air
quality which did not fulfill standard quality where air pollution in DKI Jakarta
experienced fluctuation with a few parameter have passed boundary threshold
value like Ozone, N02 and ISPA value indicated that Jakarta air had a good
quality for 22 days each year, it was not health for 95 days, and it was a medium
quality for 233 days.
This purpose of ecology study to identity an outdoor air quality,
meteorology condition, and ISPA occurrence, studying a change tendency of
outdoor air quality, meteorology condition and studying related between
meteorology condition of outdoor air quality and also studying related between
meteorology condition of outdoor air quality and ISPA occurrence.
Measurement instruments which are used for measuring outdoor air quality
such as FI-I6-l (B-ray absorption), APSA-360 (Fluorescence UV), APOA-360
(Cheluminescence) and NIDR while the instruments which are used for measuring
meteorology condition such as Thermometer, Hygrometer Cup Anemometer and
Global Star Pyranometer.
Populations which are participated amount of 820 data on daily average of
outdoor air quality, meteorology condition and ISPA by samples amount of ll8
data on weekly average of outdoor air quality, meteorology condition and ISPA.
At period of 2006 - March 2008 obtained average concentrations were PM10
65,9p g/rn3,SO1 31,1p g/rn3, co up g/ms, 03 51,4u6§/ma, NO; 3l,6p g/m3 and
ISPU value '?2,3. While temperature average was 27, C, dampness was 7S,6%,
wind direction is l54,5°, wind velocity was 0,7 mls, sun radiation was 1l2,0
Wim! and also mean number of ISPA was amount 54 occurrences.
Related between outdoor air quality and ISPA indicated that S02 has a
positive correlation of ISPA number. PMN, 03, ISPU have negative correlations
of ISPA number. Related between meteorology condition and ISPA indicated that
dampness, wind direction have positive correlations of ISPA number.
Temperature and sun radiation have negative correlations of ISPA number.
Related between meteorology condition and outdoor air quality indicated that
temperature has positive correlations of PM10, 03, NO; and ISPU. Dampness has
negative correlation with PM1u, Og, NO; and ISPU, wind direction has correlation
PMID, CO, 03, NO2, ISPU, wind velocity has negative correlation of PMN, CO,
03, N02, ISPU, sun radiation has negative correlation of cobalt, sun radiation has
positive correlation of ISPU.
It was concluded that at period of 2006 - March 2008 indicated ISPA
number pattern follow pattem concentration of outdoor air quality and this
meteorology condition was proved by the existence of related between SO;
SO1* SO; and SO2* temperature, at the same time, it has a big effect of [SPA by
correlation ooeflicient value was 0,616 and determination coefficient value was
0,379 (strong). Therefore S0;, S0;=, and SO# temperature, at the same time, it
has an effect of ISPA significantly. But concentration of CO, NOQ, wind velocity
does not relate to ISPA occurrence in DKI Jakarta.
]
 File Digital: 1
 Metadata
No. Panggil : T32911
Nama orang :
Nama orang tambahan :
Subjek :
Penerbitan : [Place of publication not identified]: [Publisher not identified], 2008
Program Studi :
Sumber Pengatalogan : LibUI ind rda
Tipe Konten : text
Tipe Media : unmediated ; computer
Tipe Carrier : volume ; online resource
Deskripsi Fisik : xii, 124 pages : illustration ; 28 cm + appendix
Catatan Bibliografi : 120-124
Lembaga Pemilik : Universitas Indonesia
Lokasi : Perpustakaan UI, Lantai 3
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No. Panggil No. Barkod Ketersediaan
T32911 15-19-692847254 TERSEDIA
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