UI - Tesis (Open) :: Kembali

UI - Tesis (Open) :: Kembali

Determinan berhenti pakai Narkoba suntik : studi penyalahgunaan Narkoba di 17 provinsi tahun 2008 = Determinants of cessation injecting drug use : study of drugs abuse in 17 province 2008

Harvina Sawitri; Sabarinah, supervisor; Iwan Ariawan, supervisor; R. Sutiawan, examiner; Wenita Indrasari, examiner; Eli Winardi, examiner (, 2012)
 Abstrak
[ABSTRAK

Narkotika dan obat-obatan terlarang merupakan permasalahan global saat ini. 3,3-6,1%
penduduk dunia menggunakan obat-obatan terlarang. Di Indonesia 1,99 % penduduknya
menggunakan narkotika dan obat-obatan terlarang dan 7% dari jumlah tersebut merupakan
pengguna narkoba suntik. Pemakaian narkoba dapat mengakibatkan bermacam-macam
gangguan mental dan perilaku dan mengakibatkan terjadinya berbagai penyakit. Sedangkan
pemakaian jarum suntik bergantian pada pengguna narkoba suntik dapat meningkatkan angka
infeksi HIV, Hepatitis B, dan Hepatitis C. Karena penggunaan narkoba suntik mengakibatkan
banyak dampak buruk, oleh karena itu perlu adanya upaya untuk menanggulangi hal ini.
Harm reduction (pengurangan dampak buruk) merupakan salah satu upaya penanggulangan
narkoba. Program ini telah terbukti dapat menurunkan angka pemakaian narkoba dengan
menyuntik.



Desain penelitian ini adalah menggunakan desain potong lintang dengan
mempertimbangkan variabel waktu. Analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis survival
menggunakan metode Kaplan Meier untuk melihat hubungan antara variabel dependen dan
independen dan untuk pemodelan multivariatnya dilakukan dengan Regresi Cox. Sampel
penelitian ini adalah 268 pengguna narkoba suntik pada Survei Penyalahgunaan Narkoba di
Indonesia tahun 2008 yang dilakukan oleh Badan Narkotika Nasional.



Pada lama pemakaian narkoba suntik pada responden, waktu paling sedikit adalah 3
bulan dan waktu paling lama adalah 348 bulan (29 tahun). Umur paling muda pengguna
narkoba suntik adalah 15 tahun dan paling tua 44 tahun. Faktor yang berhubungan dengan
berhenti pakai narkoba suntik adalah umur, jenis kelamin, mengikuti rehabilitasi, tidak
pernah mengikuti detoksifikasi, tidak pernah melakukan pengobatan sendiri, dan anggota
keluarga tidak ada yang pakai narkoba. Tinggal bersama keluarga mempunyai peluang 1,50
kali lebih cepat untuk berhenti pakai narkoba suntik, pengguna narkoba suntik yang bekerja
mempunyai peluang 1,24 kali lebih cepat untuk berhenti pakai narkoba suntik, pengguna
narkoba suntik yang hanya menggunakan 2 zat atau kurang mempunyai peluang 1,68 kali
lebih cepat untuk berhenti pakai narkoba suntik, dan pada pengguna narkoba suntik yang
tidak tahu frekuensi menyuntik peluangnya 2,07 kali lebih cepat untuk berhenti pakai
narkoba suntik. Mengikuti program harm reduction atau tidak mempunyai peluang yang
sama untuk berhenti pakai narkoba suntik. Hal ini disebabkan karena belum optimalnya
pelaksanaan program harm reduction dan keterampilan petugas penjangkauan yang belum
adekuat.



Oleh karena itu sasaran program sebaiknya dilakukan pada umur sedini mungkin dan
laki-laki juga menjadi fokus utama. Harm reduction perlu dioptimalkan lagi programnya
secara menyeluruh dengan tidak hanya berfokus pada beberapa program tertentu. Karena
kalau secara jangkauan, sebagian besar pengguna narkoba telah dapat menjangkau program,
tetapi hasil yang didapatkan belum memenuhi target program. Perlu adanya peningkatan
konseling secara individu antara petugas penjangkauan dengan pengguna narkoba untuk lebih
memotivasi pengguna narkoba supaya dapat merubah perilakunya dari berisiko menjadi tidak
berisiko.
;Narcotics and illegal drugs is a global problem. About 3.3 to 6.1% of world population
uses illegal drugs. In Indonesia, 1.99% of the population using drugs and illicit drugs and
7% of them are injecting drug users. Drug uses can lead to many mental and behavioral
disorders and caused various diseases. And using drugs with needles in intravenous can
increase the rate of HIV infection, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. Because of injection drug
use caused many adverse effects, therefore there is a need for efforts to tackle this. Harm
reduction is one of drugs prevention. This program has been shown can reduce the number
of injecting drug use.



The design of this study is use a cross-sectional design with time variable into the
consideration. This analysis used survival analysis which Kaplan-Meier is used to see the
relationship between the dependent and independent variables for modeling and multivariat
performed with Cox regression. The research sample is 268 injecting drug users in
Indonesian Survey on Drug Abuse conducted in 2008 by BNN.



At the time of injecting drug use among respondents, the time is at least 3 months and a
maximum was 348 months (29 years). The youngest age of injecting drug users is 15 years
old and the oldest is 44 years. Factors associated with cessation of injecting drug use is age,
sex, join rehabilitation, never join detoxification, didn?t have self eficacy, and no family
member who used drugs. Living with family has chances 1.50 times faster to stop injecting
drug use, injecting drug users who have a job 1.24 times faster to stop injecting drug use,
injecting drug users who only use two substances have a chance of 1.68 times faster to stop
injecting drug use and injecting drug users who do not know the frequency of injecting has
chances 2.07 times faster to stop injecting drug use. Register to harm reduction program or
not have the same opportunities to stop injecting drug use. This is due to non optimal
implementation of harm reduction programs and the skills of outreach workers who have not
been adequate.



Therefore, the target of program should be done at the earliest possible age and men are
also a major focus. Harm reduction programs need to be optimized more thoroughly by not
only focusing on a particular program. Because in range, the majority of drug addicts have
been able to reach the program, but the results obtained do not meet program targets. Need
for increased counseling to individuals between the outreach workers to better motivate drug
addicts in order to change the behavior of the risk to no risk.;Narcotics and illegal drugs is a global problem. About 3.3 to 6.1% of world population
uses illegal drugs. In Indonesia, 1.99% of the population using drugs and illicit drugs and
7% of them are injecting drug users. Drug uses can lead to many mental and behavioral
disorders and caused various diseases. And using drugs with needles in intravenous can
increase the rate of HIV infection, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. Because of injection drug
use caused many adverse effects, therefore there is a need for efforts to tackle this. Harm
reduction is one of drugs prevention. This program has been shown can reduce the number
of injecting drug use.



The design of this study is use a cross-sectional design with time variable into the
consideration. This analysis used survival analysis which Kaplan-Meier is used to see the
relationship between the dependent and independent variables for modeling and multivariat
performed with Cox regression. The research sample is 268 injecting drug users in
Indonesian Survey on Drug Abuse conducted in 2008 by BNN.



At the time of injecting drug use among respondents, the time is at least 3 months and a
maximum was 348 months (29 years). The youngest age of injecting drug users is 15 years
old and the oldest is 44 years. Factors associated with cessation of injecting drug use is age,
sex, join rehabilitation, never join detoxification, didn?t have self eficacy, and no family
member who used drugs. Living with family has chances 1.50 times faster to stop injecting
drug use, injecting drug users who have a job 1.24 times faster to stop injecting drug use,
injecting drug users who only use two substances have a chance of 1.68 times faster to stop
injecting drug use and injecting drug users who do not know the frequency of injecting has
chances 2.07 times faster to stop injecting drug use. Register to harm reduction program or
not have the same opportunities to stop injecting drug use. This is due to non optimal
implementation of harm reduction programs and the skills of outreach workers who have not
been adequate.



Therefore, the target of program should be done at the earliest possible age and men are
also a major focus. Harm reduction programs need to be optimized more thoroughly by not
only focusing on a particular program. Because in range, the majority of drug addicts have
been able to reach the program, but the results obtained do not meet program targets. Need
for increased counseling to individuals between the outreach workers to better motivate drug
addicts in order to change the behavior of the risk to no risk.;Narcotics and illegal drugs is a global problem. About 3.3 to 6.1% of world population
uses illegal drugs. In Indonesia, 1.99% of the population using drugs and illicit drugs and
7% of them are injecting drug users. Drug uses can lead to many mental and behavioral
disorders and caused various diseases. And using drugs with needles in intravenous can
increase the rate of HIV infection, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. Because of injection drug
use caused many adverse effects, therefore there is a need for efforts to tackle this. Harm
reduction is one of drugs prevention. This program has been shown can reduce the number
of injecting drug use.



The design of this study is use a cross-sectional design with time variable into the
consideration. This analysis used survival analysis which Kaplan-Meier is used to see the
relationship between the dependent and independent variables for modeling and multivariat
performed with Cox regression. The research sample is 268 injecting drug users in
Indonesian Survey on Drug Abuse conducted in 2008 by BNN.



At the time of injecting drug use among respondents, the time is at least 3 months and a
maximum was 348 months (29 years). The youngest age of injecting drug users is 15 years
old and the oldest is 44 years. Factors associated with cessation of injecting drug use is age,
sex, join rehabilitation, never join detoxification, didn?t have self eficacy, and no family
member who used drugs. Living with family has chances 1.50 times faster to stop injecting
drug use, injecting drug users who have a job 1.24 times faster to stop injecting drug use,
injecting drug users who only use two substances have a chance of 1.68 times faster to stop
injecting drug use and injecting drug users who do not know the frequency of injecting has
chances 2.07 times faster to stop injecting drug use. Register to harm reduction program or
not have the same opportunities to stop injecting drug use. This is due to non optimal
implementation of harm reduction programs and the skills of outreach workers who have not
been adequate.



Therefore, the target of program should be done at the earliest possible age and men are
also a major focus. Harm reduction programs need to be optimized more thoroughly by not
only focusing on a particular program. Because in range, the majority of drug addicts have
been able to reach the program, but the results obtained do not meet program targets. Need
for increased counseling to individuals between the outreach workers to better motivate drug
addicts in order to change the behavior of the risk to no risk., Narcotics and illegal drugs is a global problem. About 3.3 to 6.1% of world population
uses illegal drugs. In Indonesia, 1.99% of the population using drugs and illicit drugs and
7% of them are injecting drug users. Drug uses can lead to many mental and behavioral
disorders and caused various diseases. And using drugs with needles in intravenous can
increase the rate of HIV infection, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. Because of injection drug
use caused many adverse effects, therefore there is a need for efforts to tackle this. Harm
reduction is one of drugs prevention. This program has been shown can reduce the number
of injecting drug use.



The design of this study is use a cross-sectional design with time variable into the
consideration. This analysis used survival analysis which Kaplan-Meier is used to see the
relationship between the dependent and independent variables for modeling and multivariat
performed with Cox regression. The research sample is 268 injecting drug users in
Indonesian Survey on Drug Abuse conducted in 2008 by BNN.



At the time of injecting drug use among respondents, the time is at least 3 months and a
maximum was 348 months (29 years). The youngest age of injecting drug users is 15 years
old and the oldest is 44 years. Factors associated with cessation of injecting drug use is age,
sex, join rehabilitation, never join detoxification, didn?t have self eficacy, and no family
member who used drugs. Living with family has chances 1.50 times faster to stop injecting
drug use, injecting drug users who have a job 1.24 times faster to stop injecting drug use,
injecting drug users who only use two substances have a chance of 1.68 times faster to stop
injecting drug use and injecting drug users who do not know the frequency of injecting has
chances 2.07 times faster to stop injecting drug use. Register to harm reduction program or
not have the same opportunities to stop injecting drug use. This is due to non optimal
implementation of harm reduction programs and the skills of outreach workers who have not
been adequate.



Therefore, the target of program should be done at the earliest possible age and men are
also a major focus. Harm reduction programs need to be optimized more thoroughly by not
only focusing on a particular program. Because in range, the majority of drug addicts have
been able to reach the program, but the results obtained do not meet program targets. Need
for increased counseling to individuals between the outreach workers to better motivate drug
addicts in order to change the behavior of the risk to no risk.]
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Subjek :
Penerbitan : [Place of publication not identified]: [Publisher not identified], 2012
Program Studi :
Sumber Pengatalogan : LibUI ind rda
Tipe Konten : text
Tipe Media : computer
Tipe Carrier : online resource
Deskripsi Fisik : v, 95 pages : illustration ; 30 cm + appendix
Catatan Bibliografi : pages 91-95
Naskah Ringkas :
Lembaga Pemilik : Universitas Indonesia
Lokasi : Perpustakaan UI, Lantai 3
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