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Efek moderasi pemaknaan berbuat baik, identifikasi kelompok dan jenis pekerjaan terhadap hubungan antara mandat moral kelompok dengan penghukuman tingkahlaku gratifikasi = Moderating effect on the meaning of good deeds, social identification, and jobtype to the relations between group ? ?s moral credential on punishment of gratification behaviour

Ni Made Martini Puteri; Hamdi Muluk, promotor; Bagus Takwin, co-promotor; Amarina Ashar Ariyanto, co-promotor; Muhammad Mustofa, examiner; Irwanto, examiner; Zainal Abidin, examiner; Salendu, Alice, examiner; Dianti Endang Kusumawardhani, examiner (Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia, 2018)
URI : http://lontar.ui.ac.id/detail?id=20477757&lokasi=lokal
 Abstract
Menurut teori moral credential penghukuman terhadap pelaku pelanggaran ditentukan oleh domain pelanggaran. Penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa moral credential berupa keringanan hukuman terjadi pada kondisi pelanggaran dengan korban yang tidak terlihat jelas invisible victim dan penghukuman menguat pada pelanggaran dengan visible victim. Penelitian terdiri dari 4 studi yang melibatkan 893 partisipan dengan metode mixed methods, qual-Quant. Tiga penelitian kuantitatif dilakukan dengan population based-survey experiment yang membandingkan pelanggaran gratifikasi korban tidak terlihat jelas vs korban terlihat jelas , ngebut korban tidak terlihat jelas vs korban terlihat jelas . Prosedur partisipan diberi narasi tugas mulia Polisi/Dokter/Guru kondisi moral credential , selanjutnya ditugaskan memberikan penghukuman pidana yang tepat terhadap vignette pelanggaran menerima gratifikasi, dan memberi reaksi sosial terhadap pelanggaran ngebut. Pelanggaran di domain yang berbeda terbukti bahwa moral credential berpengaruh pada keringanan penghukuman pidana hanya pada pelanggarn dengan korban yang tidak terlihat jelas invisible victim , dan moral credential melemah pada pelanggaran dengan korban yang terlihat jelas visible victim sehingga pelaku dihukum berat. Polisi yang menerima gratifikasi dengan korban dihukum lebih berat oleh pengamat dan kelompoknya, akan tetapi secara sosial pelaku tetap dipandang sebagai orang bermoral dan profesional. Tingkat identifikasi sosial dan nilai berbuat baik tidak terkonfirmasi secara statistik, tetapi perbedaan profesi berperan sebagai moderator. Penghukuman anggota Polisi didasarkan pada mekanisme Black Sheep Effect BSE , sedangkan penghukuman kelompok Dokter menggunakan mekanisme Devil Protection Effect DPE . Kontribusi dan implikasi teori dijelaskan dalam diskusi.


According to moral credential theory, the punishment of offenders is decided by the domain of offenses. This research attempts to prove that moral credential, in the form of punishment leniency, happens in offenses with invisible victims, while stronger punishment appears in offenses with visible victims. This research consists of four studies, involving 893 participants with mixed methods qual rarr;Quan. Three quantitative research used population based-survey experiment, comparing gratification offenses invisiblet victims vs. visible victims and speeding invisiblet victims vs. visible victims . Narratives on the honorable duty of Police/Doctors/Teachers are given in participant rsquo;s procedure, followed with a task to give proper criminal punishment to the vignette of gratification offenses, and social reactions to speed violations. Offenses in the different domain proved that moral credential affected leniency in criminal punishment, only in offenses with invisible victims, while moral credential weakened in offenses with visible victims, resulting in heavier punishment for the offenders. Police who received gratifications with the victim is punished heavier by observers and his/her group. However, the offender is still seen as a moral and professional person. Social identification and meaning of good deeds are not confirmed statistically, but the different of job type consider as moderator. Punishment of Police is based on the Black Sheep Effect BSE mechanism, while the punishment of Doctors is using Devil Protection Effect DPE mechanism. Contributions and implications of the theory are explained in discussion.
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 Metadata
Call Number : D2531
Author :
Other author/contributor :
Subject :
Publishing : Depok: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia, 2018
Study Program :
Cataloguing Source : LibUI ind rda
Languagee : ind
Concise Text :
Cataloguing Source : LibUI ind rda
Content Type : text (rdacontent)
Media Type : unmediated (rdamedia); computer (rdamedia)
Carrier Type : volume (rdacarrier); online resource (rdacarrier)
Physical Description : xxvi, 326 pages : illustration ; 28 cm + appendix
Bibliographical Notes : pages 294-326
Holding Institution : Universitas Indonesia
Location : Perpustakaan UI, Lantai 3
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Call Number Barcode Number Availability
D2531 07-21-019467380 TERSEDIA
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